Thunberg has made global headlines through her campaigning, which includes encouraging students to attend demonstrations demanding political action on climate change while 'on strike' from school. Her influence has spread beyond her native Sweden throughout Europe and beyond.
According to reports, Thunberg has persuaded her family to go vegan and give up flying, saying: "For me none of this is a sacrifice, I don't need those things. I understand that some people see it as a sacrifice."
Under Nobel Peace Prize rules any national lawmaker can nominate someone for the prize.
Three Norwegian lawmakers from the Socialist Left Party named Thunberg, saying 'the massive movement Greta has set in motion is a very important peace contribution', adding 'climate threats are perhaps one of the most important contributions to war and conflict'.
Thunberg said she is 'honored and very grateful for this nomination'.
A speech made by Thunberg at global climate change conference COP 24 in Poland reached millions of people after it was posted on YouTube last year. Speaking at the conference, Thunberg addressed world leaders and said: "You have ignored us in the past, and you will ignore us again.
"You say you love your children above all else, and yet you are stealing their future in front of their very eyes.
"You only talk about moving forward with the same bad ideas that got us into this mess even when the only sensible thing to do is pull the emergency brake. You are not mature enough to tell it like it is."